Attracting Butterflies

I always loved watching butterflies and how gracefully they would go from flower to flower and flutter in the air.  The simplicity would make me feel good and smile inside and out.  A couple of years ago we had Folks Butterfly Farm come out and do a butterfly class.  I learned that not only is it important to have food for the butterflies but also for the caterpillars as well.  In my garden the parsley attracted the swallowtail year after year and I would find eggs and then pretty soon little caterpillars.  They would eat (alot) and get so big so fast. Then one year I planted Milkweed and sure enough I had 2 diff cycles of Monarch Butterflies.  So I wanted to share with you this list of plants that you can plant and enjoy these beautiful creatures as well. You can click directly on the flower name it will take you to that flower to make your shopping easy (please note some of the flowers are coming soon so you may not find it linked). 

You can download a pdf version of this list right off Folk's website.  http://www.folksbutterflyfarm.com

Have some new friends growing this year but not sure what they are.. Don't worry Folks website has a caterpillar and  butterfly identifier tool to help figure out which graceful friend you made. 

;0)

PERENNIALS

Asters – late summer to fall

Bee Balm – Bergamot – summer to fall

Butterfly bush (buddleia)- mid-summer to fall

Butterfly weed – summer to fall

Coreopsis – all summer

Hollyhock – summer

Lavender – summer

Lupine – late summer to early spring

Mints – all summer

Passionflower – summer to fall

Phlox – all summer

Purple coneflower – late summer into fall

Salvia – summer into fall

Shasta Daisy – summer

Violet – spring

Yarrow – mid to late summer

ANNUALS

Alyssum – summer to mid-fall

Candy Tuft – Spring to summer

Common Stock – spring to summer

Cornflower – summer

Cosmos – late summer to fall

Dianthus – spring to fall

Heliotrope - late spring to summer

Impatients – summer to fall

Lobelia - summer into fall

Marigold – summer into fall

Mexican Sunflower

Nasturtium – late summer

Parsley – green from spring to fall

Sage – summer to fall

Salvia – summer through fall

Scabiosa – summer through fall

Sweet William – summer into fall

Verbena – spring to fall

Zinnia – mid summer to fall

BIENNIALS

Black-eyed Susan – summer to fall

Red Clover – summer

Queen Anne’s lace – late spring to fall

Sweet William – spring through early summer

VINES

Wisteria

Trumpet Vine

CONTAINER PLANTS FOR FULL SUN

Container Gardening extends the formal garden onto the deck and surrounding pool areas. Not only do they add very useful splashes of color where needed, but serve an important purpose for butterflies.

Center Middle Edge

Heliotrope Verbena Alyssum

Aster Snap Dragon Vinca Vine

Hibiscus Marigold Straw Flower

Lantana Zinnia Portulaca

Pentas Nicotiana Gypsophila

Globe Thistles Dahlia Pincushion

Foxglove Stonecrop Violet

Lavendar Thrift Pansy

HERBS FOR BUTTERFLIES

Herbs are as popular as ever but unfortunately butterflies love them as much as we do. So add extra to your garden or containerize them for easier hand maintenance.

HERBS HOST PLANT TO:  


Anise- black swallowtail

Basil -Good Nectar Source

Bee Balm-  Good Nectar Source

Parsley -Black Swallowtail

Hyssop- (water) -Good Nectar Source

Marjoram-  Sooty Wings

Mints-  Gray Hairstreak

Nasturtium-  Cabbage White, Spring Azure

Nettle-   Red Admiral

Sage-  Good Nectar Source

Violet-  Fritillaries

DEER RESISTANT – BUTTERFLY PLANTS

Ageratum

Anise Hyssop

Asclepias-Butterfly Weed – host plant for Monarch

Black-eyed Susan

Bleeding Hearts – host plant 

Butterfly Bush

Columbine – host for Columbine Duskywing

Coreopsis

Cosmos

Delphinium

Foxglove

Ferns & Ornamental Grasses – hiding places

Goldenrod

Lavender

Lemon Balm

Marigold (Targetes)

Mint

Bee Balm (Swallowtails & hummingbirds)

Montauk Daisy

Oregano

Purple Cone Flower

Phlox – Moss Pinks

Sage – Garden, Meadow, & Russian Sage

Tansy – Dried Leaves are great for deterring ants

Verbena

Yarrow – host plant for Black Swallowtails

Zinnia

INSECT DETERRING – BUDDY-FLY PLANTS

These plants welcome butterflies but discourage unwanted insects. When planted along with butterfly plants they can eliminate the need for insecticide. plants welcome butterflies but discourage unwanted insects. When planted along with butterfly plants they can eliminate the need for insecticide.
These plants welcome butterflies but discourage unwanted insects. When planted along with butterfly plants they can eliminate the need for insecticide.
PLANT INSECT DETERRED LARVAL HOST

Anise Aphids 

Aster Most 

Basil-  Flies & Mosquitoes 

Bee Balm Most 

Coriander Aphids 

Garlic- Japanese Beetles 

Marigolds Real Workhorse 

MintsAnts 

Nasturtium Aphids 

Petunia Most 

Rosemary Cabbage Moth 

Sage Cabbage Moth

Tansy Ants & Plant Lice 

SHADE PLANTS for BUTTERFLIES
PARTIAL SHADE

Ageratum

Asters – may not get as large as their sunny cousins,

Columbine

Dill & Parsley are both host for Black Swallowtails

Foxglove

Daylilies

Dianthus – some varieties do well in the shade

Amaranth – gives lots of color & nectar to garden

Goldenrod

Impatients

Marigolds – can do great with little sun

Milkweeds – Red, swamp milkweed,

Coreopsis

Nicotiana

Periwinkle

Pink turtlehead

Purple Coneflower

Rubeckia

Salvia – Lady in Red

Shasta Daisy – seems to do ok in partial shade

Sweet Alyssum

Thyme

Violets

FULL SHADE

Bleeding heart

Ferns

Hosta

Plantain Lily

Cardinal flower

Butterfly Bushes